Universität Augsburg
Institut für Mathematik

Siegel der Universität Augsburg

 

Oberseminar zur Algebra und Zahlentheorie

 

Herr Joachim Kock
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

 
spricht am
 
Dienstag, 24. November 2020
 
um
 
14:15 Uhr
 
im
 
per Zoom
 
über das Thema:
 

»Decomposition spaces, incidence algebras and Möbius inversion«

Abstract:
I'll start briefly with the classical theory of incidence algebras for posets (Rota 1963) and Leroux's generalisation to certain categories called Möbius categories (1975). A key element in this theory is Möbius inversion, a counting device exploiting how combinatorial objects can be decomposed. Then I will survey recent work with Imma Gálvez and Andy Tonks developing a far-reaching generalisation to something called decomposition spaces (or 2-Segal spaces [Dyckerhoff-Kapranov]). There are three directions of generalisation involved: firstly, the theory is made objective, meaning that it works with the combinatorial objects themselves, rather than with vector spaces spanned by them. This can be seen as a systematic way of turning algebraic proofs into bijective proofs. The role of vector spaces is played by slice categories. Secondly, the theory incorporates homotopy theory by passing from categories to infinity-categories in the form of Segal spaces. (This is relevant even for classical combinatorics to deal with symmetries.) Finally, the Segal condition is replaced by something weaker (decomposition spaces): where the Segal condition expresses composition, the new condition expresses decomposition. This allows to cover a wide range of combinatorial Hopf algebras that cannot directly be the incidence algebra of any poset or Möbius category, such as the Butcher-Connes-Kreimer Hopf algebra of trees, or Schmitt's chromatic Hopf algebra of graphs. It also turns out to have interesting connections to representation theory, covering all kinds of Hall algebras: the Waldhausen S-construction of an abelian category is an example of a decomposition space. I will finish with the general Möbius inversion principle for decomposition spaces. Throughout I will stress the general ideas behind, avoiding technicalities. In particular, no prior knowledge of infinity-categories is required.

 

Hierzu ergeht herzliche Einladung.
Prof. Dr. Maxim Smirnov



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